The former top-30 star, who had not played since the 2014 Australian Open due to a wrist injury, had been given the toughest possible draw, forced to take on top seed Daria Gavrilova.
And the Russian dominated their Aegon International qualifier, winning 6-0 6-1 in just 58 minutes.
Robson???s serve, one of her big weapons, failed to produce a single ace but did throw up seven double faults.
There has been speculation that Robson would be offered a wild card into the main draw of Wimbledon, although whether she would now consider accepting it must be in some doubt.