The Russian fourth seed battered world number 123 Hogenkamp with a display of trademark power, encountering fleeting resistance in the opening set before taking control.
The second set saw Sharapova dominate with the 2004 Wimbledon champion finishing off her opponent with a pair of thunderous forehands.
Sam Stosur, the 22nd seed from Australia, completed a straight sets win over Urszula Radwanska, dispatching the Pole 6-3 6-4.
American Madison Keys recovered from losing the opening set to post a 6-7 6-3 6-4 victory over Stefanie Voegele of Switzerland in their first-round tie on Court Three.
Wimbledon witnessed its hottest day on record with the temperature climbing to??35.7 degrees, but Florida resident Sharapova was well prepared for the roasting??conditions.
“It’s much warmer in my hometown of Long Boat Key. There was some cloud??coverage here and I’ve trained quite long in the heat over there,” Sharapova??said.
“It’s about the preparation in understanding it’s going to be warm and not??going for it too much because you want to make the points quicker than normal??because of the heat.
“You need to be a little bit smarter out there, that is the most important??thing.”