The Serbian will partner countryman Filip Krajinovic.
Djokovic has won one doubles title, at Queens in London in 2010. The two Serbs have played doubles before, partnering each other twice last year, reaching the quarter-finals at the China Open and also played at the Masters 1000 event in Indian Wells.
Tournament director Karim Alami was thrilled with Djokovic playing in both events.
"The QTF have no hesitation giving Novak Djokovic a wildcard entry into the doubles draw.
"He is a class player and obviously will draw the crowds wherever he goes. He may even play his doubles match on an outside court in the first couple of days of the tournament, which will be a thrill for the crowds to get up that close to see him play.
"Watching top singles players take to the court in doubles is always a great spectacle. Rafael Nadal has won the doubles title in Doha three times, who knows if Novak and his partner, Filip Krajinovic can do the same," he added.