Marquez, who finished fifth, made the move after he ran wide on the first turn and was trying to make up for lost time.
"Unfortunately the race test that we had planned ended straight away: Marquez got off to a bad start and he wanted to make up positions quickly, but without considering the fact that there were other riders on the track," Bautista said after the race.
"In turn 6 he squeezed between Barbera and me, I have no idea how, hitting me and ruining the front brake area, lines and sensors. It was impossible to continue.
"I'm sorry because Marc is a good guy, but he has been too aggressive in the past in these types of situations. I think it is only right to point it out to him because it's risky. Today I was lucky because I didn't crash, but it doesn't take much to get hurt out there."
However, while Bautista is still seething over his disappointing debut, he made it clear that he has his sights set on a better performance and finish in Austin.
"So, like I said, we weren't able to complete our test today but we must not forget this episode and we need to be thinking about the next round in Austin already," he said. "It is a very different track than this one where we'll have the opportunity to check all the data gathered this weekend to develop the bike and look for ways to improve."