David Elleray says the use of penalty goals is seriously being considered, while video assistant referees could be in use for the start of next season.
The former Premier League referee, Elleray, who is currently the technical director for the International Football Association Board (IFAB), has revealed that video technology could be the key to, not just one, but a number of significant changes in world football.
The use of penalty goals would be for handballs on the goal line.
The 62-year-old told the Times: "The IFAB is looking at 25 areas of the game aiming to make it fairer and handball is one of those.
"One of those areas we are discussing is incidents similar to the handball by Luis Suarez in the 2010 World Cup when he handled the ball on the line against Ghana, preventing a certain goal.
"A lot of people have said in those kind of incidents why can't you give that as a goal if it is clearly going in? That is something video assistant referees could also help with.
"Some people are against the idea still, however, so it is something that needs to be discussed in depth."
Suarez's blatant handball, that saw him sent off, meant that Uruguay went through the 2010 World Cup semi-finals at the expense of Ghana, as Asamoah Gyan missed his spot kick.
Meanwhile, Video assistant referees (VARs) are already being tested, with France seeing a goal disallowed before a second was awarded – both correctly – using this technology, in their recent friendly international with Spain.
VARs may be introduced into the FA Cup from January 2018 as well as in the EFL Cup, once it is approved by the EFL board.
EFL chief executive Shaun Harvey said: "The board will consider allowing the EFL Cup to be utilised."