The Spanish league (LFP) have appealed against the switch due to the financial implications that it will have. By moving the World Cup from the European summer when it is traditionally held, Europe's leagues will be forced into an eight-week break during what would otherwise be a peak period in the season.
The LFP are believed to have submitted three independent reports to CAS which concluded that the organisation would lose 65 million euros if the tournament is moved to the European winter.
Spanish newspaper AS has quoted LFP President Javier Tebas as saying that the lawsuit was submitted "in defense of the interests of the clubs that are contributing to the international teams."
This is the first legal challenged against the controversial decision to hold the World Cup in Qatar during the winter in order to avoid the scorching heat of the Qatari summer.
A court date has not yet been set.