Both Chelsea and Tottenham have been charged by the Football Association with three offences of failing to control their players and officials during and after Monday’s 2-2 draw.
The most serious charge is reserved for Spurs midfielder Mousa Dembele for an alleged act of violent conduct.
According to the FA, if Dembele is found guilty of an eye-gouge on Diego Costa, he will face more than the usual three-match ban for violent conduct, as it is a more serious version of the charge.
Dembele has until Thursday evening to respond, while Chelsea and Tottenham have until Monday.
Monday night’s all-important clash at Stamford Bridge was marred by 12 yellow cards and two large scuffles as Spurs saw their title dreams go up in smoke.
Needing a victory to keep the race alive and prevent Leicester from being crowned champions, Spurs led 2-0 at half-time only to be undone by second-half goals from Gary Cahill and Eden Hazard.
The match grew increasingly ill-tempered as it wore on, with Tottenham manager Mauricio Pochettino forced to step onto the pitch at one point to break up a brawl between Spurs defender Danny Rose and Chelsea’s Willian.
Rose was also allegedly involved in an incident at the end of the match that resulted in Chelsea boss Guus Hiddink being pushed to the floor.
An FA statement said: “Off-the-ball incidents which are not seen at the time by the match officials are referred to a panel of three former elite referees.
“Each referee panel member will review the video footage independently of one another to determine whether they consider it a sending-off offence. For retrospective action to be taken, and an FA charge to follow, the decision of the panel must be unanimous.”