The Belgian had won the first set 6-4 before the Swede romped to a 6-0 second-set success.
Arvidsson was 1-0 up in the deciding set when her opponent withdrew with the start of the US Open less than a week away.
Second seed Dominika Cibulkova had no such problems, disposing of Mirjana Lucic 6-4 6-0.
Sixth seed Shahar Peer enjoyed a 6-1 6-3 win over Anastasiya Yakimova while Melanie Oudin was the beneficiary of the retirement of Akgul Amanmuradova with the American a set and 1-0 up.
Kateryna Bondarenko downed Greta Arn 6-2 6-3 while Elena Baltacha beat Barbara Zahlavova Stycova 6-2 6-1 and Angelique Kerber prevailed after almost two hours 20 minutes to beat Chanelle Scheepers 4-6 6-2 7-5.