The Scot beat Novak Djokovic to end Britain's 77-year wait for a male singles champion at Wimbledon this summer.
Murray, who is hot favourite to be named BBC Sports Personality of the Year, won the sportsman of the year gong at the Sports Journalists' Association (SJA) awards dinner in central London on Thursday afternoon.
Murray was not at the ceremony, but he gave his thanks in a pre-recorded address, saying: "It has been an unbelievable year.
"Winning Wimbledon was the highlight. I've been working towards that for a long time.
"I'd like to thank all the journalists who have written about me over the years."