The United States Tennis Association has announced a major renovation of Flushing Meadows which will include putting a roof on the Arthur Ashe court.
The changes to the US Open venue in New York will also see the Louis Armstrong and Grandstand courts rebuilt with the latter being moved from its current location to the south-west corner of the venue.
The new Louis Armstrong court is also set to have a retractable roof while three new tournament courts and practice courts with public viewing access are also going to be added as part of the work which the USTA hopes will be finished by 2018.
The changes are expected to cost around 550million US dollars and work could begin as early as October pending planning approval.
USTA executive director and chief operating officer Gordon Smith told a press conference in New York: "We're going to transform the National Tennis Centre.
"It's nothing less than a transformation and it's centred on a new movable roof on Arthur Ashe Stadium.
"The design for Louis Armstrong is an artist's concept at this point. It will be designed with a roof."
The Arthur Ashe roof has been designed by Rossetti Architects and is set be completed for the 2017 US Open.
There has been pressure on the USTA to add a roof to the venue for many years with the past five men's finals being pushed back from Sunday to to the third Monday due to weather delays and this year's tournament, which begins on August 26, has a Monday finish scheduled.
The sheer size of Arthur Ashe has made finding a way to cover it very difficult, with the arena seating more than 22,000 people.
The park in which the Billie Jean King National Tennis Centre sits was originally marshland before being used for landfill, and it was thought a roof would make the stadium too heavy.
National Tennis Centre chief operating officer Danny Zausner said: "The roof has been something that has been going on for the last 10 years.
"We've had four different studies on this roof. Everyone knows about our soil conditions and how difficult it is to build something that large.
"Three to four times the size in square footage old Wimbledon's new roof."
Matt Rossetti, president and chief executive officer of Rossetti Architects added: "What you see today realised is the solution that mitigates the bulk of the risk, the bulk of the complications and at the same time creates an elegant structure that is now in-keeping with the vernacular of Ashe.
"We literally analysed every column and every footing on the existing Ashe to find out and it turned out to be feasibly impossible to build.
"Now we had to figure out how to support 5,000 tonnes of steel on soils that are mush."
The new tournament courts and practice courts are scheduled to be completed for the 2014 US Open with work on the Grandstand court then beginning to be completed for 2015 or 2016.
Work is then set to begin on the Louis Armstrong Court with the entire project scheduled for completion by 2018.
Flushing Meadows has found itself left behind by the developments at Melbourne Park and Wimbledon in recent years.
The Australian Open boasts two courts with roofs, while a roof over Wimbledon's Centre Court was built in 2009 and Court One will have a retractable covering by 2019.
The French Tennis Federation has long been aware that Roland Garros no longer matches up to its rivals and this summer announced plans to expand the Paris site and redevelop Court Philippe Chatrier, including adding a roof.