The 32-year-old Rogers was road captain as Wiggins became the Tour's first British winner in July, but has now left Team Sky at the end of his two-year contract, Press Association Sport understands.
Three-time world time-trial champion Rogers, who was once considered a Grand Tour contender in his own right, has been linked with a move to Saxo-Tinkoff, but the Danish team would not confirm the move.
There he would link-up with Alberto Contador, under the leadership of team boss Bjarne Riis, and support the Spaniard in next summer's 100th Tour against Team Sky, likely to be led by Chris Froome.
Froome was runner-up at the Tour to Wiggins, who is likely to focus on May's Giro d'Italia.
Rogers won Bayern-Rundfahrt and was second to Wiggins in the Criterium du Dauphine in 2012, but his future at Team Sky was under a cloud in the wake of the Dave Brailsford-run British squad reiterating their zero tolerance policy in the wake of the Lance Armstrong scandal.
Rogers had worked with Michele Ferrari in 2005 and 2006 and the Italian doctor has been banned for life for his part in the Armstrong affair.
Rogers, who was ninth in the 2006 Tour, denied doping after revealing his relationship with Ferrari and his departure from Team Sky and the renewal of their stance are not linked.
Team Sky asked all 80 riders and staff to sign declarations to confirm they had not taken part in doping.
Prior to the requirement, Canadian Michael Barry - one of Armstrong's former team-mates who provided testimony to the United States Anti-doping Agency - retired, later admitting to doping early in his career.
When Team Sky re-stated their policy, sporting director Steven de Jongh and race coach Bobby Julich left after admitting to taking performance enhancing drugs during their careers as riders.
Sean Yates, meanwhile, retired from his role as senior sports director, insisting he did not have any knowledge of doping while a team-mate and sporting director of Armstrong.
Armstrong refused to cooperate with USADA but has been banned for life and stripped of all results since August 1, 1998 including seven Tour titles.
Rogers, who joined Team Sky from HTC-Highroad ahead of the 2011 season, is the second rider from the Tour-winning team to depart after Mark Cavendish moved to Omega Pharma-QuickStep in October.