Misbah scored an unbeaten 68 as Pakistan completed a brilliant chase of 302 in the final two sessions of the last Test in Sharjah to tie the three-match series 1-1.
In what was an incredible finale, Sri Lanka lost their last five wickets for just 25 runs in the morning session to give Pakistan a glimmer of hope, and then Azhar Ali (103) and Misbah helped their side claim a five-wicket win with just nine balls to spare.
Misbah, who also scored 63 in the innings, has now moved up two places in the Test rankings, climbing above Kumar Sangakkara and Michael Clarke.
That is the only change in the top 10, with South Africa's AB de Villiers still in first place, while further down the standings Azhar's century saw him move up three places to 22nd.
Pakistan opener Ahmed Shehzad, meanwhile, climbed a massive 66 places to 67th after making 147 and 21 in the final Test against Sri Lanka.
The top 10 of the Test bowling rankings remains the same, with Vernon Philander leading the way ahead of South Africa team-mate Dale Steyn.