The world 4x400metres really bronze medalist will lead a 22-strong team at the Emirates Arena as Scotland take on Team GB and NI, the United States and a Commonwealth Select on January 25.
Child, who will race in the 400m and the relay, said: "I'm really honoured to be named captain and it'll be an immensely proud occasion for me to lead the Scottish team out.
"There is some really good talent coming through, so it is great for everyone to have the opportunity to compete at the Emirates Arena before the Commonwealth Games.
"It will also give fans the chance to come out and watch some of the athletes they might not have heard of before the summer.
"We don't really get the chance that often to compete in front of a home crowd. I was at this event at the start of this year and it was one of the first times I've had that Scottish support for quite a few years.
"People always get behind all the athletes, so to have that opportunity to go out there and show what we can do with a huge crowd behind us will be incredible."
Other team members include United States-based Chris O'Hare, who reached the 1500m World Championships final last year plus Laura Muir, who won European Under-23 bronze over the same distance.