New to the calendar last year, it appeared to be an anathema the world's richest sport could prove itself in a country where poverty is so rife.
But despite the glaringly obvious contrasts, the race was enormously popular, making a lasting and welcome impression on all who visited the Buddh International Circuit, even if there were a variety of last-minute teething problems.
Born and raised in India up until the age of eight before her parents emigrated and settled in Austria, Kaltenborn - whose maiden name is Narang - is convinced F1's popularity is growing in her home nation.
"It's difficult for any sport to find a place in India next to cricket," said Kaltenborn.
"But I do think the interest in Formula One has risen significantly since its debut last year.
"At least the media interest we are experiencing as a team would strongly indicate that.
"It seems right that India, as an upwardly mobile nation, a huge marketplace and a high-tech location, has found a place in the Formula One calendar with its excellently-trained engineers.
"Both Formula One and the country can benefit from it."
Kaltenborn returns home with her newly-acquired job title to her name after taking on the team principal's role from Peter Sauber earlier this month.
Becoming F1's first female team boss is quite a coup, adding: "I'm very happy at the confidence Peter has placed in me.
"I grew into this role step by step, of course. I had been head of the company's legal department since 2000; in 2001 I joined the board of management; in 2010 I became CEO, and since the end of 2011 I've held a third of the company's stakeholding.
"Peter's withdrawal from the day-to-day running of the business has been on the cards for a long time, so this latest step was well prepared.
"I'm acutely aware of what it means to carry the responsibility for this company, which has been around for over 40 years and involved in Formula One for almost 20."
Given such longevity in F1, it is part of the reason why Kaltenborn has been readily accepted into the 'team principal's club', despite her gender.
"Professionally I'm sure gender plays no role," said Kaltenborn.
"And as I've been around for such a long time, I don't think I'll be seen more in terms of a woman than a boss.
"People who are new to the scene might do a double-take at first, but that will soon settle down."