The R&A and USGA revealed several changes to the Decisions on the Rules of Golf on Tuesday, the most significant being the use of video technology to determine whether a ball at rest has moved.
New Decision 18/4 states that "where enhanced technological evidence shows that a ball has left its position and come to rest in another location, the ball will not be deemed to have moved if that movement was not reasonably discernible to the naked eye at the time. The Decision ensures that a player is not penalised under Rule 18-2 in circumstances where the fact that the ball had changed location could not reasonably have been seen without the use of enhanced technology."
The modification - which comes into effect from January 1, 2014 - was decided upon before the incident involving Woods in the BMW Championship in September, where the world number one tried to remove a twig from beside his ball before playing his third shot on the first hole at Conway Farms.
Woods felt his ball had only oscillated before he ran up a double-bogey six, but high-definition video footage showed that it had slightly shifted its position and his score was amended to a quadruple-bogey eight.
Speaking a few days later, Woods spoke of the "huge transition" brought about by HDTV and pointed out that he was subjected to more television coverage than any other player.
David Rickman, the R&A's executive director of rules and equipment standards, told Press Association Sport today: "We have been working on these changes for the best part of 18 months and 18/4 was reviewed before the most recent TV evidence incident with Tiger.
"We think it's not right to disregard any evidence, but we are particularly concerned that the likes of hi-def, super slow mo cameras does mean that TV may show a version of events that the player has no opportunity to see.
"We don't want to have players in the same competition being judged by fundamentally different standards of evidence."
Woods feels there should be a time limit for such incidents, after which action cannot be taken, but Rickman added: "We believe it's important to try to establish the facts as accurately as we can and then apply the rules. We are fortunate that we do have an extended time frame, unlike other sports that have to make immediate decisions."
In April 2011, the R&A and the USGA adopted Decision 33-7/4.5, which authorises committees to waive the disqualification penalty for signing for an incorrect score when the player could not reasonably have been aware of a breach of the Rules that was later identified through video evidence.
That was known as the Harrington rule after Padraig Harrington was disqualified from a tournament in Abu Dhabi when a television viewer raised the issue of his ball moving as he marked it on a green. Harrington had already signed his scorecard and because of that, the punishment could not just be a two-stroke penalty.
"This seeks to build on that," Rickman added. "We've said the committee can waive the penalty and now we have the option of not applying one at all."
As part of the 2016 review of the Rules of Golf themselves, the R&A and USGA are also examining the effect of video technology on the necessary precision in marking, lifting and replacing a ball, the estimation of a reference point for taking relief and the question of the appropriate penalty for returning an incorrect score card where the player was unaware that a penalty had been incurred.
The governing bodies also said in a statement that they will be "guided by their longstanding position that a committee should consider all evidence, regardless of the source, that may be relevant in determining the facts to which the Rules must be applied.
"To reach a correct ruling, all evidence from witnesses concerning a possible breach of the Rules should be considered, whether those witnesses are participants in the competition, non-participants such as spectators, or persons who have reviewed television footage and the like."
In terms of a time limit, the statement adds: "In their ongoing review of the use of video and other enhanced technology, the R&A and the USGA will continue to be guided by the view that, regardless of the timing or the type of evidence used, the integrity of the game is best served by getting the ruling right."
Among other decisions for 2014-15, players can now access weather reports on a smartphone during a round without breaching the Rules, while revised decision 25-2/0.5 helps to clarify when a golf ball is considered to be embedded in the ground and revised decision 27-2a/1.5 allows a player to go forward up to approximately 50 yards without forfeiting their right to go back and play a provisional ball.