Mourinho, who claims his Chelsea side and Fernando Torres were the victims of simulation by Tottenham defender Jan Vertonghen last weekend, felt the need to privately rebuke Didier Drogba and Arjen Robben for diving during his first spell in charge at Stamford Bridge.
Spurs' Andros Townsend, who has been called up by England for the upcoming World Cup qualifiers against Montenegro and Poland, apologised for diving in last Saturday's draw with Chelsea, but a few days later similar incidents occurred in European competition which irked Mourinho.
"The kid (Townsend) apologised for diving," the Portuguese said.
"The referee (Mike Dean) showed his intention to defend that important part of the game by giving him a yellow card. That's good for me.
"But you see in the Champions League two or three days later and you see two big clubs, two big players, two important decisions.
"One team stay with 10 men and lose the game. Another team concede a penalty in the last minute."
The Portuguese stopped short of calling for retrospective action to be taken, but he made his feelings clear when discussing touchline bans meted out to managers.
Mourinho pointed to Borussia Dortmund boss Jurgen Klopp's ban for haranguing an official and then questioned why Barcelona's Neymar and Mario Balotelli of AC Milan should avoid sanction for incidents in their respective Champions League matches against Celtic and Ajax this week.
Mourinho said: "He (Klopp) cannot go to the dressing room and he cannot do his work. Neymar? Balotelli?"
The Blues boss tells his players he will not condone simulation.
"I hate it," he said.
"If you are born in some countries where culturally the simulation is stimulated, the moment you come to this country you have to change immediately.
"It's not about winning a game or losing a game because of a red card or a penalty that was simulation. This is about keeping a culture."
Mourinho, who also dislikes it when players call for their opponents to be sent off, has not dropped any of his players for simulation, but tolerates it outside of England.
He added: "I'm not saying I will drop (him), maybe I don't. Maybe the player is very important for me and the player makes a mistake.
"I will strongly criticise him, yes. And if one day I win a game where I feel I did it because one of my players didn't behave correctly, I will say.
"In some countries if you don't do you become like the naive one, because the others do.
"For example, you could see in the Champions League this last fixture what happened in Glasgow (with Neymar), what happened in Amsterdam (with Balotelli) and for me that's very sad.
"If it happens in the Champions League I care about it because it's a competition where I play.
"If it happens in the country where I work, I make my money, I live and I feel I owe to the country something..."
Many of Chelsea's players have long been aware of Mourinho's methods, particularly the survivors of his first spell in Petr Cech, John Terry, Frank Lampard, Ashley Cole and Michael Essien.
Mourinho believes the presence of the old guard has made his life more straightforward on his return.
"Some managers when they go to a new club they like to take with them four or five guys that they know very well," he added.
"I didn't. They were here. It's a help for me.
"The relationship they have with me is the perfect relationship for this stage of their career, because they trust me.
"They know my decisions are the best decisions for them. They know when I leave somebody out for one game, I'm thinking about the next.
"For them it's very good in this moment of their career."
Mourinho tried to sign Lampard in 2008 during his first season at Inter Milan before the midfielder signed a contract extension.
Last season it appeared Lampard's 11-year spell at Stamford Bridge was coming to an end before he committed his future to the London club.
Mourinho insisted he was not involved in that decision.
"It was between the club and him before I arrived," added the 50-year-old, who reflected on his attempt to buy Lampard.
"I tried to take Lampard to Inter. I was trying but at the same time I was saying you belong to Chelsea.
"I was not just pulling straight away. I was 'if you want to come, I want you'.
"In the end he did what he wanted to do and what I wanted him to do, which was sign a new contract with Chelsea."