A resounding 4-0 win over Tottenham courtesy of an own goal from Younes Kaboul after just 100 seconds and one apiece from Luis Suarez, Philippe Coutinho and Jordan Henderson gave the Reds a two-point advantage at the top and enhanced belief they could end a 24-year wait for the title.
The last time Liverpool were top of the league was at Christmas but they immediately dropped out of the top four with two defeats to Chelsea and City but with both still to come to Anfield next month Rodgers was asked whether they were the ones under pressure.
"I believe so," he said.
"I don't think anyone expected us to be where we are, especially as the last two seasons we were eighth and seventh, and it has just allowed us to develop at our own pace.
"We go to every game to win but what has been great to see has been the idea and methodology of our work bearing fruit in the game.
"There are some great teams up there and world-class managers so we understand it's going to be difficult but we just do what we can do and see where it takes us.
"For us the mantra has always been to focus on the next game, we never get too carried away.
"It is very difficult; there's lots of people are dreaming about Liverpool winning the title but for me it is installing in the players that there's a process, it's not just about the end result.
"It's been about simple hard work and focus and concentration. There are only 18 points to play for but you can only take three at a time - Upton Park (West Ham next weekend) will be a tough game for us but our confidence and belief is at a good level."
Rodgers said the demolition of Spurs - they have scored nine goals against them without reply this season, which is their best-ever return - proved his players can handle expectations.
"I have said all along I feel that when there are pressure situations the players can cope," he added.
"That is what you want, the courage to play. We made it the game it was because of our intensity our focus the quality of our football.
"We work to deal with pressure, to get on the ball. The players know 100 per cent if they make a mistake I will take the blame."
Spurs boss Tim Sherwood bore the brunt of fans' criticism after chants of 'Where is our manager?' were directed at him as he sat unmoved in the directors' box all game.
He publicly criticised his players following a 4-0 defeat to Chelsea earlier this month but chose to keep his squad in the dressing room for 45 minutes after the final whistle at Anfield.
"They are entitled to have an opinion," Sherwood said of the away supporters' chants.
"I have sat up there for the last few games and got a better view but it is a learning curve for me.
"I am not shirking any responsibility. At 2-0 and the game going away at 3-0 I am going to learn more from my players from sitting up there rather than getting in trouble on the touchline.
"You have seen enough of me ranting and raving but I have to analyse it. Our performances against the top four have not been good enough."
Despite being destroyed by Liverpool over two games this season Sherwood still favours their rivals for the title.
"I would still go with Manchester City," he added.
"Liverpool have done a fantastic job, from last season to this is chalk and cheese. They are still in this race.
"The players they have in the final third are sensational. They run and graft. If they tighten up a bit I think they have a good chance."
The manner of Spurs' defeat gave way to a barrage of speculation over Sherwood's future on social media, so much so that the name of the former England midfielder was trending prominently on Twitter for several hours after the game.
Some comments even went so far as to claim a dressing-room bust-up had taken place at Anfield, but those were shot down by Spurs winger Aaron Lennon on his official Twitter account.
"Today was not good enough and we let everyone down,but the rumours about the boss hitting someone are b*******,crazy how powerful twitter is," he wrote.