There had been a minute's silence before kick-off this evening in memory of the Canaries legend, who was in charge for a seven-season spell from the mid-1970s, leading the Norfolk club to the League Cup final.
Alexander Tettey marked his debut with a fine strike midway through the first half which proved enough to see off Dean Saunders' npower League One side and set up a home tie with Tottenham.
"When I came to this club in the summer, the first name you think of as former managers is John Bond," Hughton said.
"If I am able to be at this club anywhere near as long as John was, then I would be incredibly lucky. He will be thought of very fondly by a lot of people."
Hughton was part of the Tottenham side which played against Bond's Manchester City in the 1981 FA Cup final.
He added: "It was fitting that Norwich won, but also there was a nice respect from the crowd for a minute's silence, and we also have to applaud the Doncaster support for that as well."
Although there was a start for captain Grant Holt, who has yet to score this season, Hughton made the expected sweeping changes, with recent signings Jacob Butterfield and goalkeeper Mark Bunn both coming in, along with on-loan Tottenham striker Harry Kane, who was carried off in the second half with an ankle injury.
Norwich created plenty of chances, but were thwarted by Rovers goalkeeper Gary Woods and some last-gasp defending.
"We should have had a few more goals, but it is not as if we had clear-cut chances," said Hughton.
"At 1-0, they are still in the game, and then it can become a bit tense, so we could have made life easier for ourselves."
Ghana-born Norway midfielder Tettey was signed from Rennes, but had to wait for his chance to showcase his talents.
"The 90 minutes was probably more important for him than the goal, and I was pleased for him because he did very well," said Hughton.
Asked about the next cup tie against his former club, Hughton said: "It will be tough, but it will be a great occasion with a big crowd here against a quality Premier League team.
"We won't be favourites, but we will go into the tie doing the best we can to reach the quarter-finals."
Norwich will now look to record their first Premier League victory under Hughton when Liverpool come to Norfolk on Saturday.
"Winning football matches is a nice habit for a club like us, it is difficult to win lots of games because of the division we are playing in," said Hughton.
"You hope there is a feel-good factor you can go from one game to the next, and all of our efforts will now be on trying to get a win on Saturday."
Norwich hope Kane's injury will not prove too severe.
"There was no contact with the keeper, he just fell as he went for the ball," Hughton said.
"We are hoping the news in the morning will not be so bad."
Doncaster almost snatched an equaliser with two minutes left after full-back James Husband darted down the left and his low centre was stabbed goalwards by substitute David Syers, when better contact would have seen the ball in the net rather than the grateful hands of Bunn.
Rovers boss Saunders claimed the South Yorkshire side had done enough to get a positive result.
He said: "We have created 10 chances away from home, and have not scored. The killer instinct was missing. You have to be ruthless in front of goal. I am sick.
"I felt we could have won the game tonight because they were not at full strength.
"It was an upset waiting to happen. We created the chances, but never took them."