Dortmund, Bundesliga champions in 2011 and 2012 and runners up to Bayern Munich in 2013 and 2014, go into the second half of the season in the unfamiliar territory of the bottom two.
With more defeats already than in any of their previous four seasons, and beaten more times than any other side in the Bundesliga this season, Dortmund have a completely different objective for the second half of the season – survival.
“I’ve always been an advocate of positive thinking and if I were at Dortmund, I would approach the challenge ahead with positive thoughts, but they must also have an absolute grasp of reality too as that is necessary to get out of a crisis,” Daum told sport1.de.
“Dortmund can only help themselves because they are not going to get help from anywhere else.
“If they do manage to resolve this situation, though, then a phase like this can make a club even stronger.”
According to Daum, whose last role in the Bundesliga with Eintracht Frankfurt ended after seven winless matches which saw them relegated in 2011, coach Jurgen Klopp must take his share of the blame for the club’s current ills, even if he has ruled out resigning.
“In a situation like this, you’re never doing everything right and Jurgen knows this also,” Daum said.
“He always reacted and tried to counteract everything throughout this difficult phase, but as soon as he’d plugged one hole, another one opened up.
“Apart from some exceptional appearances in the Champions League, he’s experienced the crisis management part of coaching over the past half a year and I’m sure he’s looking forward to preparing the second half of the season.
“Dortmund were always a club who played fantastic football under Klopp and they still can play that way, when they are mentally in top form.
“Now they’ve got to build it all up again piece by piece and work towards mid-table.”