Currently president of the Bahrain Football Association, a position he has held for 11 years, as well as chairman of the Asian Football Confederation's disciplinary committee and deputy chairman of FIFA's disciplinary committee, he is also the leading candidate to become the president of the international governing body.
Sheikh Salman's bid for election comes after former president Mohamed Bin Hammam was banned for life by FIFA after allegations of bribery and corruption.
But Sheikh Salman, who is a member of the ruling Al-Khalifa family on the Gulf island kingdom of Bahrain, is under scrutiny of his own.
In 2011, following anti-government demonstrations during which many protesters were killed, it has been claimed a number of players and officials who took part, or assisted demonstrators, were arrested and detained, some even tortured, for their part in the uprising.
Two years earlier, when Sheikh Salman took on Hammam for the AFC seat of the FIFA Executive Committee - a role he is again also aiming for - claims were made of vote buying.
As part of his manifesto, Sheikh Salman states "the principles that will underpin my candidacy and my term in office ate transparency, openness, fairness and honesty".
But during a press conference in the capital Manama, when asked by the media to respond to the allegations, whether they would damage his campaign, or whether his rivals would use them against him, the moderator prevented Sheikh Salman from answering.
The moderator said: "As mentioned they are allegations. They are not factual things for us to be taking into consideration, or even to talk about them.
"If I'm not mistaken, when you said the word allegations, they are allegations. Now whether that affects or not...
"I think it was, I would call it, a cheap shot to ruin our press conference, and at the same to ruin His Excellency's candidacy."
However, the same questions were put to Sheikh Salman in one-on-one interviews conducted with other media outlets earlier in the day.
His response, however, was simply that football and politics should be kept apart, adding that he did not want to discuss such topics as "it opens the door".
The election is due to take place at the AFC's extraordinary congress in Kuala Lumpur on May 2, with Sheikh Salman up against Yousuf al Serkal of the UAE, Worawi Makdudi from Thailand and Saudi Arabia's Hafez Al Medlej.